How Early Is Mental Retardation Detected?

What is borderline mental retardation?

Borderline intellectual functioning, also called borderline mental retardation (in the ICD-8), is a categorization of intelligence wherein a person has below average cognitive ability (generally an IQ of 70–85), but the deficit is not as severe as intellectual disability (below 70)..

Can a person with mental retardation live alone?

Most of the estimated 7.5 million Americans with mental retardation live on their own, with parents or with siblings and do not show up on the government’s waiting lists. Another significant group — in 2000, slightly less than half a million people — live in group or institutional settings.

What tests determine mental retardation?

The Wechsler and Binet scales remain the two dominant, language-loaded, individually administered intelligence tests used for the diagnosis of mental retardation in the United States.

What is the most common cause of mental retardation?

Down’s syndrome is the most common specific cause of mental retardation, followed by the Fragile X syndrome, which mainly affects boys.

What is mild mental retardation?

Definition. Mild mental retardation is defined as significantly subaverage intellectual ability, which ranges between 50–55 and 70, and concurrent delays in adaptive functioning that present prior to the age of 18.

Can mental retardation be reversed?

“The same mutation in animals produces learning disorders, which we were able to eliminate in adult mice. Our work and other recent studies suggest that some forms of mental retardation can be reversed, even in the adult brain.”

What causes mild retardation?

Doctors can’t always identify a specific cause of ID, but causes of ID can include: trauma before birth, such as an infection or exposure to alcohol, drugs, or other toxins. trauma during birth, such as oxygen deprivation or premature delivery. inherited disorders, such as phenylketonuria (PKU) or Tay-Sachs disease.

How do I know if my child has intellectual disability?

How Do I Know If My Child Has an Intellectual Disability?Sit up, crawl, or walk later than other children.Learn to talk later or have trouble speaking.Have trouble understanding social rules.Have trouble seeing the consequences of their actions.Have trouble solving problems.Have trouble thinking logically.

How early can mental retardation be diagnosed?

When is the diagnosis made? The onset of mental retardation is in childhood, before 18 years of age. The diagnosis is generally made after infancy, between the preschool and school-age periods. Sometimes the diagnosis may be made later, at the time when a thorough assessment is performed.

What are the 4 levels of mental retardation?

The DSM-IV classifies mental retardation into four stages based on severity: mild (IQ score of 50-55 to approximately 70), moderate (IQ score of 30-35 to 50-55), severe (IQ score of 20-25 to 35-40), and profound (IQ score of less than 20-25).

Is mental retardation still a diagnosis?

In the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), the APA replaced “mental retardation” with “intellectual disability (intellectual developmental disorder).” The APA included the parenthetical name “(intellectual developmental disorder)” to indicate that the diagnosed deficits …

What qualifies as mental retardation?

DSM-IV defines mental retardation as significantly subaverage intellectual functioning (i.e., IQ no higher than approximately two standard deviations below the mean), which is accompanied by significant limitations in adaptive functioning in at least two of the following areas: communication, functional academic skills …