Question: Do Infantile Spasms Cause Mental Retardation?

Is it normal for babies to have jerky movements?

Month one.

Your baby will not be able to control many of her movements during the first few weeks.

As she begins to develop more physical abilities, her motions may still be jerky or jittery..

Do infantile spasms hurt?

They may have many series of spasms per day. This type of seizure is usually only seen in young children. After a spasm, the baby may cry or laugh. The spasms do not cause pain, but the baby may cry because the quick jerking movement surprises them.

What happens if infantile spasms are left untreated?

Left untreated, infantile spasms can lead to serious outcomes, including an estimated infant mortality rate of between 5% and 6%. The most significant concern, however, is that infantile spasms are associated with autism and intellectual deficits that permanently affect quality of life.

What can infantile spasms cause?

Infantile spasms (IS) is a seizure disorder in babies. The seizures (or spasms) make muscles in the arms and legs stiff and bend the baby’s head forward. They look very much like a startle. Babies also might have slowed development or loss of skills (like babbling, sitting, or crawling).

What are the signs to look for in neurological symptoms in infants?

Neonatal Neurological Disorder SymptomsFussiness.Decreased level of consciousness.Abnormal movements.Feeding difficulty.Changes in body temperature.Rapid changes in head size and tense soft spot.Changes in muscle tone (either high or low)

Are infantile spasms an emergency?

These seizures should be considered a medical emergency due to the potentially devastating consequences on the developing brain, Dr. Mary Zupanc says.

Why does my baby stiffen his arms?

Infantile spasms. Your baby may bend forward or arch her back as her arms and legs stiffen. These spasms tend to occur when a child is waking up or going to sleep, or after a feeding.

What does infantile spasm look like?

Infantile spasms, sometimes called West syndrome, are a type of seizure that occurs in babies. The spasms look like a sudden stiffening of muscles, and the baby’s arms, legs, or head may bend forward. The seizures occur in a series of short spasms, about one to two seconds in length.

Do babies cry when they have infantile spasms?

They might cry right before or right after they have a seizure. Your baby may also seem to twitch or jerk a muscle. You might hear the doctor call this myoclonus.

Do infantile spasms show up on EEG?

The EEG may not show typical hypsarrhythmia because the spasms have been going on for some time, or because medication has changed the EEG or because the condition which put the child at risk of having infantile spasms has itself caused changes to the brain’s electrical activity – which changes the EEG.

How do I know if my baby has infantile spasms?

During a spasm, the body stiffens suddenly, the back may arch, and the arms, legs, and head may bend forward. However, infantile spasms can sometimes be hard to notice—perhaps only the eyes roll up or there is a small tummy crunch. They are most common just after a baby wakes up and rarely occur during sleep.

What does seizure look like in baby?

Focal seizures: Focal seizures may involve the infant having spasms or rigidity in one muscle group, becoming pale, sweating, vomiting, screaming, crying, gagging, smacking their lips, or becoming unconscious. For an example of how a focal seizure might look, click here.

Can infantile spasms cause autism?

A new study found that nearly half of babies who suffer from infantile spasms are not accurately diagnosed for more than a month and this delay can increase the risk of intellectual disability, autism, lifelong epilepsy, and death.

What is the life expectancy of a child with West syndrome?

Life expectancy for West syndrome is variable. About five in every 100 infants and children with West syndrome do not survive beyond five years of age. A study of 214 Finnish children over 25 years of age showed about 61% dying at or before age 10 years.