Quick Answer: What Are Genetic Factors Affecting Child Development?

What is meant by genetic factors?

In many diseases genetic factors are important.

This means that part, or all of the risk, is passed down from one’s parents.

Certain diseases are caused by an abnormality in one single gene and CADASIL is one of these diseases.

Genes produce proteins which are necessary for normal functioning of the body..

What are 5 examples of genetic factors?

What You Need to Know About 5 Most Common Genetic DisordersDown Syndrome. Typically, the nucleus of an individual cell contains 23 pairs of chromosomes, but Down syndrome occurs when the 21st chromosome is copied an extra time in all or some cells. … Thalassemia. … Cystic Fibrosis. … Tay-Sachs disease. … Sickle Cell Anemia. … Learn More. … Recommended. … Sources.

What are the 3 types of genetic disorders?

There are three types of genetic disorders:Single-gene disorders, where a mutation affects one gene. Sickle cell anemia is an example.Chromosomal disorders, where chromosomes (or parts of chromosomes) are missing or changed. … Complex disorders, where there are mutations in two or more genes.

What are the environmental factors that influence child development?

In addition to learning at school, make sure that your home environment also stimulates your child’s mental development. This includes cognitive, linguistic, emotional, and motor skills. The best environment for this is a calm and loving home that allows your child to focus on improving his abilities.

How does nutrition affect child development?

During childhood, under-nutrition causes children to have less energy and less interest for learning, which negatively influences cognitive development and academic performance. Under-nutrition will also affect physical growth and maturation, thus affecting growth rate, body weight and ultimately, height.

What are genetic risk factors?

Genetic risk is the contribution our genes play in the chance we have of developing certain illnesses or diseases. Genes are not the only deciding factor for whether or not we will develop certain diseases and their influence varies depending on the disease.

What are different environmental factors?

Environmental factors include temperature, food, pollutants, population density, sound, light, and parasites. The diversity of environmental stresses that have been shown to cause an increase in asymmetry is probably not exclusive; many other kinds of stress might provide similar effects.

What are examples of genetic factors?

7 single gene inheritance disorderscystic fibrosis,alpha- and beta-thalassemias,sickle cell anemia (sickle cell disease),Marfan syndrome,fragile X syndrome,Huntington’s disease, and.hemochromatosis.

What are environmental factors that influence development?

Over the past 100 years, the study of environmental influences on human physical growth and development has focused on the influences of social and economic factors; family and household characteristics; urbanization/modernization; nutrition; and features of the physical environment such as altitude, temperature and …

How can genetic factors affect health?

Changes in many genes, each with a small effect, may underlie susceptibility to many common diseases, including cancer, obesity, diabetes, heart disease, and mental illness. In people with a genetic predisposition, the risk of disease can depend on multiple factors in addition to an identified genetic change.

What is an example of a hereditary influence on development?

One example of a heredity influence on development is when; A person’s body does not process fats in the brain and nerve cells because he has Tay-Sachs Disease.