Quick Answer: What Are The Four Most Common Types Of Exceptionalities Found In Today’S Classrooms?

How do you teach exceptional students?

Road Tested / Ten Tips for Teaching the Twice-Exceptional StudentBuild relationships.

Work with 2e students to improve their weaknesses and build on their strengths.

Differentiate instruction.

Group homogeneously.

Reach out to staff.

Remediate.

Teach critical and creative thinking.

Communicate.

Modify with technology.More items….

How can we prevent mental retardation?

7 Tips to Prevent Mental RetardationFind Out About Down Syndrome. … Promptly Treat Phenylketonuria (PKU) … Abstain From Alcohol During Pregnancy. … Help Your Kid Avoid Lead Poisoning. … Stay Healthy During Pregnancy. … Report Child Abuse and Neglect.

What are the 4 levels of mental retardation?

The DSM-IV classifies mental retardation into four stages based on severity: mild (IQ score of 50-55 to approximately 70), moderate (IQ score of 30-35 to 50-55), severe (IQ score of 20-25 to 35-40), and profound (IQ score of less than 20-25).

Is Autism considered an exceptionality?

Autism means a developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction, generally evident before age three, which adversely affects a child’s educational performance.

What are the three causes of exceptionality?

Causes OF Exceptionality – StuDocu….Genetic factors, where different types of errors in the genetic materials are passed on from. … Health and nutritional condition of the mother during pregnancy.Blood incompatibility between mother and neonate.Drug use by the mother during pregnancy (Drug abuse and excessive alcoholism)More items…

Which type of disability is most common?

According to the report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the most common disability type, mobility, affects 1 in 7 adults. With age, disability becomes more common, affecting approximately 2 in 5 adults age 65 and older. The most common type of disability in younger adults is cognitive disability.

What are the 5 categories of exceptionality?

CATEGORIES and DEFINITIONS of EXCEPTIONALITIES. Purpose of the standard. … Behaviour.Communication. • Learning Disabled. … Intellectual. • Gifted. … Physical. • Blind-Low Vision. … Multiple.

What are the 7 main types of learning disabilities?

In particular, psychology professionals should study these seven learning disabilities:Dyslexia. … Dysgraphia. … Dyscalculia. … Auditory processing disorder. … Language processing disorder. … Nonverbal learning disabilities. … Visual perceptual/visual motor deficit.

Who are students with exceptionalities?

POSSIBLE ANSWER: The term learners with exceptionalities refers to individuals whose physical, behavioral, or cognitive performance is so different from the norm that additional services are required to meet the individual’s needs. Disability and handicap are not interchangeable terms.

What are the causes of mental retardation?

What causes intellectual disability?trauma before birth, such as an infection or exposure to alcohol, drugs, or other toxins.trauma during birth, such as oxygen deprivation or premature delivery.inherited disorders, such as phenylketonuria (PKU) or Tay-Sachs disease.chromosome abnormalities, such as Down syndrome.More items…

At what age is mental retardation diagnosed?

When is the diagnosis made? The onset of mental retardation is in childhood, before 18 years of age. The diagnosis is generally made after infancy, between the preschool and school-age periods. Sometimes the diagnosis may be made later, at the time when a thorough assessment is performed.

What are the top 10 disabilities?

Here are 10 of the most common conditions that are considered disabilities.Arthritis and other musculoskeletal problems. … Heart disease. … Lung or respiratory problems. … Mental illness, including depression. … Diabetes. … Stroke. … Cancer. … Nervous system disorders.More items…•

What are the types of exceptionality?

Page 5: ExceptionalitiesAutism.Deaf-blindness.Deafness.Developmental delay.Emotional disturbance.Hearing impairment.Intellectual disability.Multiple disabilities.

How can students deal with exceptionalities?

Five Ways to Help Students with Special NeedsMaintain an organized classroom and limit distractions. … Use music and voice inflection. … Break down instructions into smaller, manageable tasks. … Use multi-sensory strategies. … Give students with special needs opportunities for success.

What is a disability?

A disability is any condition of the body or mind (impairment) that makes it more difficult for the person with the condition to do certain activities (activity limitation) and interact with the world around them (participation restrictions).

What are 4 hidden disabilities?

But there are many disabilities and conditions that are counted as ‘invisible’, such as MS, autism, ADHD, arthritis, brain injuries, mental illnesses, diabetes, epilepsy, cognitive and learning disabilities, chronic pain and fatigue… and the list goes on.

What are the most common disabilities in schools?

Common DisabilitiesAttention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)Learning Disabilities.Mobility Disabilities.Medical Disabilities.Psychiatric Disabilities.Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)Visual Impairments.Deaf and Hard of Hearing.More items…

Is ADHD an exceptionality?

Although ADHD is not named as a specific category of exceptionality, students with ADHD may present characteristics that can be identified in the various categories such as Learning Disability or Behaviour.