What Are The Characteristics Of Communicable Diseases?

What is disease pattern?

The resulting rate allows epidemiologists to compare disease occurrence across different populations.

Pattern refers to the occurrence of health-related events by time, place, and person..

Which disease is caused by virus?

Viruses are very tiny germs. They are made of genetic material inside of a protein coating. Viruses cause familiar infectious diseases such as the common cold, flu and warts. They also cause severe illnesses such as HIV/AIDS, Ebola, and COVID-19.

What are the characteristics of a disease?

Signs of a disease are objective and are measured. Symptoms of a disease are subjective and are reported by the patient. An acute disease is short in duration, whereas a chronic disease lasts for months or years.

What are 3 causes of non communicable diseases?

Four main NCDs and their common risk factors. The four leading NCDs (cardiovascular diseases, cancer, respiratory diseases, and diabetes) share four risk factors: tobacco use, harmful use of alcohol, unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity.

What stage of infection is most communicable?

In some cases, a person is contagious during the incubation period, while in others the person is not contagious until the illness begins. The amount of time a child remains contagious depends on the infection and the child. Young children are often contagious for longer than older children.

What is disease process?

Diseases are generally understood to be medical conditions that involve a pathological process associated with a specific set of symptoms. Localized diseases affect specific parts of the body; disseminated diseases spread to other parts of the body; and systemic diseases affect the entire body.

Which disease is a communicable disease?

Some examples of the reportable communicable diseases include Hepatitis A, B & C, influenza, measles, and salmonella and other food borne illnesses.

What are the major communicable diseases?

HIV, tuberculosis, malaria,neglected tropical diseases and viral hepatitis affect billions of people around the world, and cause more than 4 million deaths each year. .

What are the 4 types of communicable diseases?

Communicable diseasesInfluenza. Norovirus. Mumps. Tuberculosis.Pertussis. Zika virus. West Nile virus.Ebola. Chikungunya virus. Coronavirus (COVID-19)

What are 3 communicable diseases?

Some examples of reportable communicable disease include HIV, hepatitis A, B and C, measles, salmonella, measles, and blood-borne illnesses. Most common forms of spread include fecal-oral, food, sexual intercourse, insect bites, contact with contaminated fomites, droplets, or skin contact.

What are the communicable diseases and their causes?

Infectious diseases can be caused by:Bacteria. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis.Viruses. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS.Fungi. … Parasites.

What are the top 3 communicable diseases?

List of Communicable DiseasesMRSA.Pertussis.Rabies.Sexually Transmitted Disease.Shigellosis.Tuberculosis.West Nile Virus.Zika.More items…

How many types of communicable diseases are there?

Types and symptoms. Four main types of pathogens cause infection: Viruses, bacteria, fungi, and protists.

What is the effect of communicable diseases?

Communicable diseases, alone or in combination with malnutrition, account for most deaths in complex emergencies. Factors promoting disease transmission interact synergistically leading to high incidence rates of diarrhoea, respiratory infection, malaria, and measles.

What are the characteristics of non communicable diseases?

Noncommunicable – or chronic – diseases are diseases of long duration and generally slow progression. The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancer, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes.